reservas da biosferas portugal
UNESCO BIOSPHERE RESERVES

A network for sharing ideas, experiences and actions for sustainable development

GET TO KNOW PORTUGUESE RESERVES
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Get to know

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EN Descobrir EN Explorar EN Interpretar
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Preserve

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Participate

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RESERVES IN THE WORLD
748
Number
AREA
6 555 525
km2
POPULATION
250 000 000
Residents in 2023
WHAT ARE BIOSPHERE RESERVES

Territories that stand out for their incalculable ecological, cultural, economic and social value.

Biosphere Reserves are territories of exceptional significance due to their ecological, cultural, economic, and social wealth. These lands stand as living models of harmonious coexistence between the preservation of their natural heritage and the enrichment of the cultural legacy intertwined with the resident communities.


These Reserves attain their recognition through a collaborative effort between national governments and UNESCO’s Director-General, within the framework of the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB). The MAB International Coordinating Council’s (MAB ICC) decisions play a pivotal role in this distinction


While each Biosphere Reserve falls under the jurisdiction of its respective nation, they form an active web of collaboration. They interact and share insights, experiences, projects, and endeavours on regional, national, and global scales. This synergy is established within a vast network that currently encompasses 749 Biosphere Reserves across 134 countries. This network also includes 23 cross-border Biosphere Reserves, as of June 2023.


UNESCO Biosphere Reserves collectively cover approximately 3.5% of the Earth’s surface.


GET TO KNOW THE UNESCO RESERVES
12

Biosphere Reserves

PORTUGAL RESERVES NETWORK

A vibrant platform, fostering sharing and exchange, ready to shape a promising future for both Portugal and the global community.

Portugal’s 12 Biosphere Reserves span across three distinct biogeographical regions: Mediterranean, Atlantic, and Macaronesia. Encompassing a wide array of ecosystems, these Reserves capture the full spectrum of Portugal’s natural richness. From the captivating islands of the Macaronesia to the aquatic realms of the Atlantic Sea, from the Tagus wetlands to the riverine landscapes, from the mountains to the northern valleys and the Alentejo plains, each Reserve is a microcosm of diversity.

 

The 12 Portuguese Reserves unite under the banner of the Portuguese National Commission for UNESCO, creating a harmonious connection that transcends regional differences and aligns with the universal values upheld by UNESCO.

Biosphere Reserves covers an impressive 12% of the national territory

This collective endeavour covers an impressive 12% of the national territory and constitutes a remarkable 26% of the Protected and Classified Areas within Portugal. Notably, these Reserves are homes to 283,960 individuals, contributing to 3% of the entire Portuguese population.


These Reserves serve as guardians of Portugal’s invaluable cultural and natural heritage. They harbour a staggering 79.8% of the 99 habitats designated for mandatory preservation. This commitment to conservation and heritage preservation is at the core of the Reserves’ ethos.


GET TO KNOW PORTUGUESE RESERVES
TERRITORY
2 132 452
Total area of Reserves (ha)
PEOPLE
283 960
Residents in the Reserves in 2021
BIODIVERSITY
10 328
Species

Discover the History of Portugal's Biosphere Reserves

Portugal has four reserves in the Azores Archipelago, two in Madeira and six on the mainland, three of which are cross-border.


The first Portuguese Biosphere Reserve, Paul do Boquilobo, was classified in 1981. In 2007, two new Reserves were designated, both in the Autonomous Region of the Azores, Corvo Island and Graciosa Island. The first Transfrontier Reserve, Gerês-Xurês, was approved in 2009, the same year as the Flores Island Reserve. Two years later, in 2011, the Berlengas and Santana Reserves were created. The Meseta Ibérica Transfrontier Reserve (2015), the Fajãs de São Jorge and the Tejo / Tajo Transfrontier Reserves (2016), Castro Verde (2017) and Porto Santo (2020) were soon added.


In 2021, 283,960 people lived in the Reserves, 3 per cent of the total resident population in Portugal, having lost around 40 per cent of their residents in the last 60 years.


Of the 25,800 villages in Portugal, around 1,800 (7%) are located in Biosphere Reserves.


GET TO KNOW PORTUGUESE RESERVES
MEMORIES OF BIOSPHERE RESERVES IN PORTUGAL

António Domingos Abreu

António Abreu, biologist and current Director of UNESCO’s Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences, emphasises the importance of the Portuguese territories classified by UNESCO.

Memories and testimonies
Painel de Dados
DATA PANEL

Learn about the impact of Biosphere Reserves on the sustainability of the planet

Learn about the configuration of their territories, the people who live there and make up their communities, the importance of their natural and cultural heritage and their economic activity. See how the Reserves contribute to the well-being of people and the planet.


INTERPRETAR
RB de Santana

Discover the history and heritage of Portugal's Biosphere Reserves

The 12 Biosphere Reserves aggregate a significant percentage of all the protected areas and cultural heritage – tangible and intangible – that exist in Portugal.

DISCOVER

Explore the unique territories and visit their communities

The Biosphere Reserves geographically represent more than 2 million hectares and coincide with areas of high tourist interest, with an emphasis on nature and experience tourism.

EXPLORE
ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
Valuing what ecosystems give us

From pollination to reducing the risk of fire and soil erosion, to improving air and water quality, nature (and all biodiversity), ecosystem services play a fundamental role in human survival.


Ecosystem services are therefore the benefits that human populations obtain from ecosystems.


KNOW MORE
RB Porto Santo

Notícias

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12 de June, 2024
Conferência sobre ação climática na Covilhã

Conferência final do projeto biénio para a ação climática
12 de June, 2024
Igreja Matriz de São Jorge alcança o estatuto de Monumento de Interesse Público

RB de Santana
Interior da Igreja Matriz de São Jorge
12 de June, 2024
Apresentação dos projetos do Clube Eco-paper

RB da Ilha do Porto Santo
Apresentação dos projetos do Clube Eco-paper
12 de June, 2024
Jornadas de Intercambio de Experiência

RB Transfronteiriça Gerês-Xurês
Jornadas de Intercambio de Experiência
7 de June, 2024
Dia Mundial dos Oceanos: Em busca dos microplásticos perdidos!

Dia Mundial dos Oceanos
4 de June, 2024
5 de Junho, Dia do Ambiente

World Environment Day
28 de May, 2024
Compreender Melhor o Autismo em conferência no Porto Santo

RB da Ilha do Porto Santo
Conferência Compreender o Autismo - RB da Ilha do Porto Santo
21 de May, 2024
Dia Internacional da Biodiversidade 2024 – Faça parte deste plano!

Dia Internacional da Biodiversidade 2024 – Faça parte deste plano!

Eventos

  • 04 June, 2024 a 07 June, 2024 RB Transfronteiriça Meseta Ibérica

    Dia do Ambiente na Meseta Ibérica

    Mais de 2 000 crianças dos concelhos de Bragança e Mirandela participarão num jogo que procura promover o conhecimento sobre o património natural e cultural da Reserva da Biosfera da Meseta Ibérica.
    Jogo
  • 01 June, 2024 RB das Berlengas

    Berlengas: Um tesouro e um laboratório natural a conservar

    No próximo dia 1 de junho, vamos viajar às Berlengas, declarada em 2011 como Reserva Mundial da Biosfera pela UNESCO.
    Berlengas: Um tesouro e um laboratório natural a conservar
  • 14 May, 2024 a 29 May, 2024

    Auscultação Pública sobre o Dossier de Candidatura da Arrábida a Reserva da Biosfera

    Workshop
    A AMRS – Associação de Municípios da Região de Setúbal, em conjunto com municípios de Setúbal, Palmela e Sesimbra e o ICNF - Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas promovem entre 14 e 29 de maio, um período de Auscultação Pública sobre o Dossier de Candidatura da Arrábida a Reserva da Biosfera.
    Auscultação Pública sobre o Dossier de Candidatura da Arrábida a Reserva da Biosfera
  • 03 May, 2024 RB da Ilha do Porto Santo

    Caminhada Interpretativa ao Topo do Pico do Castelo – II Festival das Reservas da Biosfera

    Caminhadas
    Iniciativa Integrada no II Festival das Reservas da Biosfera de Portugal
    Caminhada Interpretativa Topo do Pico do Castelo - RB da Ilha do Porto Santo
  • 28 September, 2023

    Seminário: “Reservas da Biosfera: Territórios Sustentáveis, Comunidades Resilientes”

    Encontro
    Quais são os principais desafios que hoje se colocam às Reservas da Biosfera nacional e internacional? Este será um dos temas a refletir no seminário final do projeto: "Reservas da Biosfera: Territórios Sustentáveis, Comunidades Resilientes", que vai decorrer no auditório do Pavilhão do Conhecimento, em Lisboa, a 28 de setembro.
    Reservas da Biosfera Seminário Final
  • 19 September, 2023

    Ação de formação “Metodologias Participativas nas RBp”.

    Formação
    Sabia que a metodologia participativa pode ser uma excelente ferramenta para captação e envolvimento das comunidades no seu projeto?
    Ação de formação “Metodologias Participativas nas RBp”.
  • 12 September, 2023

    Já ouviu falar em “governance”? Inscreva-se nesta ação de formação

    Formação
    Já ouviu falar em governance? Gostaria de aplicar as melhores práticas de gestão e organização de processos participativos no seu projeto?
    Já ouviu falar em “governance”? Inscreva-se nesta ação de formação
  • 21 May, 2023

    Ciclo de Conversas Serralves: RB das Berlengas-Peniche, de Castro Verde e Paul de Boquilobo

    Ciclo de Conversas
    Conhecer as Reservas da Biosfera das Berlengas-Peniche, de Castro Verde e Paul do Boquilobo, é a proposta da próxima sessão do Ciclo de Conversas da Exposição Reservas da Biosfera da Unesco – Rede Portuguesa e CPLP, a decorrer na Fundação Serralves, dia 21 de maio.
    Ciclo de Conversas
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